what is difference between asme and iso standards?
ASME follows the ANSI drafting standard.
Both ANSI and ISO have adopted many of the other standard as an alternative, so many companies have mixed and matched the drafting standards to create their own, basterdized standard.
The basic, visual differences between the ANSI drafting standard and ISO drafting standard:
ANSI dimensions are read horizontally. ISO dimensions are parallel to the dimension line.
ANSI dimensions are centered on the dimension line. ISO dimension are placed above the dimension line.
ANSI tends to use abbreviations. ISO uses symbols. (example: RAD, DIAM, 3 PLACES versus R, Ø, 3X)
dimensions have a different syntax.
ANSI: 1.000 DIAM 3 PLACES
ISO: 3X Ø 1
This has been answered many times, on many sites:
This report looks useful, but it is focused on only one aspect: http://www-eng.lbl.gov/~shuman/NEXT/MATERIALS&COMPONENTS/Pressure_vessels/US_vs_EU_material_strengths.pdf