When I click on Final Render, the rendering window appears and immediately shut down, what's the problem?
As I speak from my personal experience, once I 've installed Solidworks 2016 on a Windows 8 64 bit platform and I also suffered from this phenomenon. I think that may be one of the reasons, that could happen. Solidworks 2016's system requirements doesn't include Windows 8 ;though it ran very well except Rendering. In that case you may have to upgrade windows to 8.1 or installing a supported Solidworks version is required.
first you try by Increases your systems virtual memory, if your problem didn't resolve then u have to upgrade your graphics card.
My computer> right click> property> on left side panal "Advance system setting"> (one popup windows come)> click on "Advance"> performance> setting> advance> virtual memmory> click on Chance.